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Sometimes articles in American Vegan magazine have a lot of references that we don’t have room to print. Find them here!

Understanding Vegan Diets, Osteoporosis Risk, and Bone Health

Anthony Dissen, MPH, MA, RDN, CPH

References for article in American Vegan Summer 2021

  1. Cauley J. A. (2013). Public health impact of osteoporosis. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences68(10), 1243–1251. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glt093
  2. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Osteoporosis FAQ. Retrieved from https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/osteoporosis
  3. Mayo Clinic. Osteoporosis. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968
  4. Ananthakrishnan, A. N. (2013). Environmental risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 9(6), 367-374.
  5. Peltonen, R., et al. (1994). Changes of faecal flora in rheumatoid arthirits during fasting and one-year vegetarian diet. Rheumatology, 33(7), 638-643.
  6. Tanumihardjo, S. A. (2013). Vitamin A and bone health: the balancing act. J Clin Densitom, 16(4), 414-419.
  7. Tonstad, S., Nathan, E., Oda, K., & Fraser, G. (2013). Vegan diets and hypothyroidism. Nutrients5(11), 4642–4652. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu5114642
  8. Tonstad, S., Nathan, E., Oda, K., & Fraser, G. E. (2015). Prevalence of hyperthyroidism according to type of vegetarian diet.Public Health Nutrition, 18(8), 1482-1487.
  9. Ho-pham, L., Vu, B. Q., Lai, T. Q., Nguyen, N. D., & Nguyen, T. V. (2012). Vegetarianism, bone loss, fracture and vitamin D: A longitudinal study in asian vegans and non-vegans.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 66(1), 75-82
  10. Hansen, T. H., Madsen, M. T. B., Jørgensen, N.,R., Cohen, A. S., Hansen, T., Vestergaard, H., . . . Allin, K. H. (2018). Bone turnover, calcium homeostasis, and vitamin D status in danish vegans.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(7), 1046-1054.
  11. Crowe, F. L., Steur, M., Allen, N. E., Appleby, P. N., Travis, R. C., & Key, T. J. (2011). Plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: Results from the EPIC-oxford study.Public Health Nutrition, 14(2), 340-346.
  12. Harvard Health Publishing – Harvard Medical School. (2019). How much calcium do you really need? Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-much-calcium-do-you-really-need
  13. van den Bergh, J. P., Bours, S. P., van Geel, T. A., & Geusens, P. P. (2011). Optimal use of vitamin D when treating osteoporosis. Current osteoporosis reports9(1), 36–42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11914-010-0041-0
  14. Tonstad, S., Butler, T., Yan, R., & Fraser, G. E. (2009). Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes care32(5), 791–796. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1886
  15. Asomaning K, Bertone-Johnson ER, Nasca PC, Hooven F, Pekow PS. The association between body mass index and osteoporosis in patients referred for a bone mineral density examination. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2006 Nov;15(9):1028-34.
  16. Nena Karavasiloglou, Eliska Selinger, Jan Gojda, Sabine Rohrmann, Tilman Kühn, Differences in Bone Mineral Density between Adult Vegetarians and Nonvegetarians Become Marginal when Accounting for Differences in Anthropometric Factors, The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 150, Issue 5, May 2020, 1266–1271
  17. Taniguchi, Y., Makizako, H., Kiyama, R., Tomioka, K., Nakai, Y., Kubozono, T., Takenaka, T., & Ohishi, M. (2019). The Association between Osteoporosis and Grip Strength and Skeletal Muscle Mass in Community-Dwelling Older Women. International journal of environmental research and public health16(7), 1228. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071228
  18. Brondani JE, Comim FV, Flores LM, Martini LA, Premaor MO (2019) Fruit and vegetable intake and bones: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0217223. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217223
  19. Järvinen, T. L., Sievänen, H., Khan, K. M., Heinonen, A., & Kannus, P. (2008). Shifting the focus in fracture prevention from osteoporosis to falls. BMJ (Clinical research ed.)336(7636), 124–126. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39428.470752.AD

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